Ramayana VOL 3 Yuddha Kanda
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About Book “Ramayana VOL 3 Yuddha Kanda"
The Ramayana is one of the largest ancient epics in world literature. It consists of nearly 24,000 verses (mostly set in the Shloka/Anustubh meter), divided into seven kāṇḍas, the first and the seventh being later additions. It belongs to the genre of Itihasa, narratives of past events (purāvṛtta), interspersed with teachings on the goals of human life. Scholars’ estimates for the earliest stage of the text range from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, with later stages extending up to the 3rd century CE.
There are many versions of Ramayana in Indian languages, besides Buddhist, Sikh, and Jain adaptations. There are also Cambodian (Reamker), Indonesian, Filipino, Thai (Ramakien), Lao, Burmese and Malay versions of the tale. Retellings include Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil (c. 11th–12th century), Gona Budda Reddy’s Ranganatha Ramayanam in Telugu (c. 13th century), Madhava Kandali’s Saptakanda Ramayana in Assamese (c. 14th century), Krittibas Ojha’s Krittivasi Ramayan (also known as Shri Ram Panchali) in Bengali (c. 15th century), Sarala Das’ Vilanka Ramayana (c. 15th century) and Balarama Dasa’s Jagamohana Ramayana (also known as the Dandi Ramayana) (c. 16th century) both in Odia, sant Eknath’s Bhavarth Ramayan (c. 16th century) in Marathi, Tulsidas’ Ramcharitamanas (c. 16th century) in Awadhi (which is an eastern form of Hindi) and Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan’s Adhyathmaramayanam in Malayalam(c. 17th century).
AuthorGirish Chandra Chackravarti
File Size12.3 MB